Revelation 13: Historical Realities--Some Oppose God

by Bob Young
[permission is given to reprint with credit noted]

Reading: Revelation 13

1The dragon stood on the shore of the sea. And I saw a beast coming out of the sea. It had ten horns and seven heads, with ten crowns on its horns, and on each head a blasphemous name. 2The beast I saw resembled a leopard, but had feet like those of a bear and a mouth like that of a lion. The dragon gave the beast his power and his throne and great authority. 3One of the heads of the beast seemed to have had a fatal wound, but the fatal wound had been healed. The whole world was filled with wonder and followed the beast. 4People worshiped the dragon because he had given authority to the beast, and they also worshiped the beast and asked, "Who is like the beast? Who can wage war against it?"
5The beast was given a mouth to utter proud words and blasphemies and to exercise its authority for forty-two months. 6It opened its mouth to blaspheme God, and to slander his name and his dwelling place and those who live in heaven. 7It was given power to wage war against God's holy people and to conquer them. And it was given authority over every tribe, people, language and nation. 8All inhabitants of the earth will worship the beast-all whose names have not been written in the Lamb's book of life, the Lamb who was slain from the creation of the world.... 10This calls for patient endurance and faithfulness on the part of God's people.
11Then I saw a second beast, coming out of the earth. It had two horns like a lamb, but it spoke like a dragon. 12It exercised all the authority of the first beast on its behalf, and made the earth and its inhabitants worship the first beast, whose fatal wound had been healed. 13And it performed great signs.... 18This calls for wisdom. Let the person who has insight calculate the number of the beast, for it is humanity's number. That number is 666. (Rev. 13:1-8,10; 11-13a,18)

Reflecting and Thinking
This chapter reveals the fifth and sixth personages-the sea beast and the earth beast. These are empowered by and are instruments of the dragon, Satan. As such, they represent evil forces, most likely political Rome and religious Rome. Their presence calls for "endurance and faithfulness" and "wisdom." Endurance and faithfulness are required when political forces demand emperor worship and enforce their demands with God-like powers. Wisdom is required when false religions entice and tempt toward syncretism.
Note: in today's text (verse 18), we have used the textual alternative suggesting a generic translation of the phrase, "of man". If one understands an application to a certain individual, it seems also to be the point of the text that the application is to all human beings, the "number of a man" meaning "the number of any or every man."

What parallels to these two creatures do you see in the world today? That is, how might we apply this text in our own daily lives? When are we called upon to endure in faithfulness? What things in our lives require wisdom?

Dear God, we rejoice that you are able to defeat all enemies, and we confidently affirm that truth even when it appears that evil is winning. Help us persevere and give us wisdom. Help us understand the principles communicated in this text even if we do not understand every detail. We pray in Jesus' name, Amen.

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Last updated September 3, 2011