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Matthew 26: The Kingdom and Covenant Forgiveness

by Bob Young
[permission is given to reprint with credit noted]

Reading: Matthew 26

Text
20 When evening came, Jesus was reclining at the table with the Twelve. 21 And while they were eating, he said, "Truly I tell you, one of you will betray me." 22 They were very sad and began to say to him one after the other, "Surely you don't mean me, Lord?" 23 Jesus replied, "The one who has dipped his hand into the bowl with me will betray me. 24 The Son of Man will go just as it is written about him. But woe to that man who betrays the Son of Man! It would be better for him if he had not been born." 25 Then Judas, the one who would betray him, said, "Surely you don't mean me, Rabbi?" Jesus answered, "You have said so."
26 While they were eating, Jesus took bread, and when he had given thanks, he broke it and gave it to his disciples, saying, "Take and eat; this is my body." 27 Then he took a cup, and when he had given thanks, he gave it to them, saying, "Drink from it, all of you. 28 This is my blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many for the forgiveness of sins. 29 I tell you, I will not drink from this fruit of the vine from now on until that day when I drink it new with you in my Father's kingdom." (Matthew 26:20-29 NIV)

Reflecting and Thinking
Jesus the Messiah came dying-this is Matthew's summary of the second half of Jesus' ministry. In his death and the shedding of his blood, he established a covenant of forgiveness. The covenant, established by blood, is "for the forgiveness" of sins. This is an interesting phrase, for its meaning has been much discussed. It is the same phrase as in Acts 2:38 where some say it means "because of the forgiveness" of sins. The phrase occurs three other times in the New Testament (Mark 1:4; Luke 3:3; 24:47). A quick reading of the other passages where the phrase occurs suggests that forgiveness is the result, not the preexisting condition. Certainly Jesus did not shed his blood because sins had already been forgiven.
The New Testament covenant, established by the shedding of Jesus' blood, is the basis of God's forgiveness of sins. This covenant was remembered weekly by the early church in sharing the Lord's Supper. Only those in the covenant experience covenant benefits. One can also describe this is the kingdom covenant, for it is the basis of Jesus' kingdom. Appropriating the saving blood of Jesus in our lives provides forgiveness; it also ushers us into the kingdom of the King.

Have you previously connected forgiveness and the covenant? Have you connected forgiveness and Jesus' blood? Have you connected the covenant and the Lord's Supper in the early church? (Study the passages mentioned above, including today's text, and consider whether they point toward a future forgiveness or a past forgiveness already accomplished.)

Prayer
Dear God, we are grateful today for forgiveness through the blood Jesus shed in his death on the cross. We find the extent of his suffering on our behalf virtually incomprehensible. We hardly grasp it, even when we consider it deeply and soberly. Thank you for providing what we could not provide for ourselves. Thank you for loving us. We pray in Jesus' name, Amen.


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Last updated October 13, 2011