Study of the Pastoral Epistles--2 Timothy: Notes and Outlines
Posted by Bob Young

Background of the Letter
Written by Paul after his release from his first imprisonment as described in Acts 28; Paul's last letter.
Who is Timothy?

Purpose of the Letter
The letter was written to Timothy near the end of Paul's life. Reflects Paul's final instructions to his son in the faith. Thus serves as a final testament of faith, but it is doubtful that Paul had this in mind as a purpose of writing.

  • To give Timothy specific instructions to come to Paul, to give Timothy a ministerial mandate
  • To help Timothy deal with specific problems that confronted the church.
  • To indirectly write to the Ephesian church and encourage it.

    Content of the Letter

    The four chapters can be summarized in this way:

  • (1) what you have received
  • (2) the importance of doing something with what you have received
  • (3) the power for action in such a time as this is from God
  • (4) the result of faithful action

    The Gospel in 2 Timothy

  • Cap 1: Battling for the Gospel
  • Cap 2:1-13: Suffering for the Gospel
  • Cap 2:14-26: Working for the Gospel
  • Cap 3: Defending the Gospel
  • Cap 4: Preaching the Gospel

    Four principles set forth in the letter

  • Effective ministry is generation to generation
  • Effective ministry is urgent
  • Effective ministry depends on Godís power
  • Effective ministry which incorporates these basic characteristics has the desired result

    The Charge to Timothy

  • Be faithful to the Word
  • Be faithful to your Ministry
  • Be faithful to your People

    Literary Themes and Concepts in the Letter

  • Gospel, message, sound doctrine
  • Deposit, commit
  • The subtle nature of godlessness and faithlessness
  • Metaphors to describe the church and Christians

    Chapter 1: Notes

    Textual Notes
    1:1--According to the promise of the life which is in Christ Jesus (kat' epaggelian zoes tes en Christoi Iesou); "with a view to the fulfilment of the promise." See Tit 1:1 for this same use of kata. For kat' epaggelian see Gal 3:29. See 1 Tim 4:8 for the phrase "promise of life"; "life that in Christ Jesus" includes the present as well as the future.
    1:2--Beloved (agapetoi), instead of gnesioi (genuine) as in 1 Tim 1:2.
    1:3-8--Contrast between timidity of Timothy and need to be bold
    1:9--Before times eternal (pro chronon aionion); parallel to Tit 1:2.

    Chapter 2: Notes

    Textual Notes
    2:2--Commit thou (parathou). Second aorist middle imperative of paratithemi (1 Tim 1:18) to deposit, same metaphor as paratheke in 2Tim 1:12,14.
    2:14--Notice words that deal with what is taught in following verses
    2:19--Firm (stereos), solid and compact, in NT only here, see also 1 Pet 5:9; Heb 5:12, 5:14; see stereoma in Col 2:5. For themelios see 1 Cor 3:11; Rom 15:20; 1 Tim 6:19. Compare hedraioma in 1 Tim 3:15.
    2:20--Continuation of "house" metaphor from 2:19

    Chapter 3: Notes

    Textual Notes
    3:8--Jannes and Jambres, traditional names of the magicians who opposed Moses (Ex 7:11)
    3:16-4:5--Paul's charge to Timothy

    Chapter 4: Notes

    Textual Notes
    4:2--compare list to 3:16-17
    4:5--Be sober (su de nephe), present active imperative of nepho, see 1 Th 5:6,8.
    Suffer hardship (kakopatheson), see 2 Tim 2:9.
    Do the work of an evangelist (ergon poieson euaggelistou), 1Cor 1:17; Eph 4:11
    Fulfil (plerophoreson), first aorist active imperative of plerophoreo, as Col 4:12, Col 4:17

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    Last updated July 18, 2012